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Westron, Annúnaid, or Adûni was a late form of Adûnaic mixed with elements of indigenous languages, mostly from the edainic peoples of Eriador and Rhovanion but to some degree also with elements from the Daen tongues.

Westron was the "official" and most widespread language in the ancient lands of Arnor and Gondor and it's former provinces, and had become the usual trade and colloquial language in the lands from Rhovanion to Rhûn and Haradwaith, although tribal languages still remained prominent in the lands further removed from the Westlands. Therefore the Westron was also simply known as Sôval Phârë or the Common speech.

Dialects

Wordlist

  • Adûni - Western, Westron
  • an, ac - man, one?
  • Annúnaid - Western, Westron
  • Ban,Bana - half
  • Banakil - Halfling,"half-man"
  • Bannatha -
  • bandur, dur - dell, vale?
  • banzir - hobbitish westron for "halfwise"
  • bara - quuck,fast?
  • Barabatta - Quicktalker
  • bas - hobbitish westron for "village"
  • batta - talker, talk?
  • bilba -
  • bolgra - hobbitish westron for "fat"
  • bophîn - hobbitish westron for "hearty laughter" or "hearty fellow"
  • bralda - heady, strong ?
  • Bralda-hîm - hobbitish westron for "heady ale"
  • branda - border, march
  • Brandagamba - hobbitish westron for "Marchbuck"
  • Branda-nîn - hobbitish westron for "Border-water" (Brandywine River)
  • brandu - foam
  • cánus - wanderer?
  • car, carba, carban - riven?
  • Carbandur - rivendell
  • cast, castu, Kast - hobbitish and rohirric westron for "gift, mathom"
  • Castar - silverCoin
  • Cubuc, Cubug, Cugbagu - hobbitish, archaic and rohirric westron for "hobbit, hole-dweller"
  • dalf - man?
  • dûkan - dweller?
  • Dumuvurdur = hobbitish westron for "House-guard"
  • dur - dell?
  • Fastito - titanic, vast?
  • Fastitokalon - giant sea-turtle?
  • gad - bound, fixed, closed
  • galab, galb, galp - play, game
  • Gamba - Buck, male deer, stag
  • gan - staff?
  • ganda - wander?
  • Gandalf - according to one version a Westron name meaning "Staff-man" or "wanderer"
  • gast - tamer, victor ?
  • gi, (i)ngi - descendant?
  • globa, gluva - hole, smial
  • grad - (rohirric westron) march, mark, boundry
  • grind - wall
  • -gu - thimg, person, one?
  • Hagavorl - Hawthorn-wall
  • hald, (a)ld - man, person, one?
  • ham, hama, haman -small?
  • Hamanullas - small blue flower (Lobelia) (possibly "enfolding leaves")
  • Hîma, Him - Ale, Beer
  • Hloth, loth - home, two-room dwelling
  • Hlothram - Cottager
  • Hlothran - village
  • -in - host, group, plural
  • in - grey? ( in the sense "old, wise"?)
  • ingi, gi - descendant?
  • Incánus - according to one version a westron name meaning "grey wanderer"
  • ingul - dell, dale
  • Kali - merry, jolly, happy, gay
  • Kalon - sea-turtle?
  • karn - riven
  • Karningul - Rivendell
  • Kast - Mathom
  • Kastar
  • kil - man, scion
  • Kili - abandoned
  • kûd - hole
  • Kûd-dûkan - (rohirric - westron) "Hole-dweller"
  • Kuduk - Halfling, Hobbit
  • Laban, Labin - bag
  • Labingi - hobbitish westron "baggins"
  • las, llas - flower?
  • Lô/loh, loho - (rohirric - westron) horse
  • Lôgrad - rohirric- westron meaning "Horse-march"
  • Lohtûr - rohirric- westron for horsefolk/horseland
  • luthur, luthran - brown, fluff
  • Maura, maur - Wise, experienced
  • nahald - obscure, deep down
  • Narag, narac - Dwarf
  • nargian - dwarven, dwarfish
  • Nas - people
  • Neg, nec - end
  • Nîn - Water
  • nul, ul - blue?
  • Phârë - speech
  • phur, phuru - delving
  • Phurunargian - Dwarrow Delf
  • puta, pûta - (trumpet-)player, "blower"
  • rada - wild beast?
  • radagast - according to one version a westron name meaning "Tamer of beasts"
  • ram, rama - dweller
  • ran - home
  • ran, ranu - hobbitish westron for "dwelling holey, village"
  • ranugad - hobbitish westron for "hamfast, home-bound, stay-at-home"
  • rapha - dwelling, inn, bristle
  • ras, ray - horn
  • rasputa,raypûta - hornblower
  • raza - stranger
  • razan - foreign
  • Razanur - Wanderer, Peregrin
  • Razar - small red Apple, a Pippin
  • rog - rohirric westron for "demon, goblin, wose, wild man"
  • Sôval - Common
  • Sûza - Shire, province
  • tapuc - rabbit
  • tar - high
  • Tarkil - man of Númenorean descent
  • Tharan - Quarter, Four
  • tharantin - quarter, fourth part
  • tin - part, thing?
  • tragu - (northern rhovanian westron) "burrower, worm"
  • trahald, trahan, trân - northern rhovanian westron for " burrowing, burrower"
  • Trân - Smial
  • tuca - hobbitish for "daring"
  • Tud - Watch, Guard
  • tung - hobbitish for "big, stoor"
  • Tûr, tur - rohirric - westron for people/land
  • Tûran, Tûrac, Turac - rohirric-westron meaning "King"
  • ur - man, person, one
  • Zara - old
  • Zilbirapha - butterbur
  • Zilib - butter
  • Zir,Zîra - wise

Inspirations

Because a lot of the root words featured for Westron hardly seem Indo-European, such as the word "ban" for "half", "zir" for "wise", "nin" for "water", and "laban" for "bag", one has to wonder if Indo-European sources were intended at all. Given its descent from Adunaic, which is supposedly best compared to ancient Hebrew, Westron could be most like a very archaic Semitic language.

See:

References

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