Haradaic or Haradron was the common speech dialect of Near-harad. It was usually referred to as Southron or Haradron while the older Old Haradaic or Kharadaic was still a lokal variant of Adûnaic with several Haradrim and Sakalai, especially Umbarean, loanwords.



Outer history

Only very few words of Haradron origin are actually known from Tolkien's Works, including:

  • Barangil - a people of Near-harad on Tolkien's early maps. Though possibly not a Haradrim word but of Sindarin origin
  • Benish Armon - a placename from the south, possibly in southern Gondor or Umbar.
  • Harwan - the Land of Near-Harad on Tolkien's early maps.
  • Incánus - according to one version Gandalf's name in the south. Possibly the southern word Inkâ-nûsh or Inkâ-nûs, meaning north-Spy. Although the name is considered an archaic Quenya name from southern Gondor meaning Mind Ruler (from Q. in(id)- "mind" and cáno "Chief") in another version.
  • Mûmak - Haradrim term for the great War-Oliphaunts of the south, though considered to be of Easterling-Origin in a contradicting commentary.
  • Umbar - local place-name of the later Númenorean city-port of the same name. Sometimes considered a variant of Sindarin Ambar ("Fate") but also considered an indigenious term in a commentary.

It is unknown what Tolkien had exactly in mind for the language of the Southrons, though the few mentioned words may imply a mix of Latin, Semitic,Egyptian and Anglo-Saxon influences.


In MERP Haradaic is usually represented by a mix of serbo-croatian, arabic, persian and fantasy-forms.In contrast to Umbarean, Haruze and Haradaic of Near-Harad the predominant language of Far-Harad is known as Apysan.


In the LotR SBg most Haradrim Names and Placenames seem to be based on a mix of Arabic, old Greek and fantasy forms though visibly adapted to adûnaic spelling.

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