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Aman

Tol Eressea

5th Age

  • ca.4.000.000 Elves (Falmari and Noldor)

Valinor

before the Exile ca.T.T. 1496:

  • ca. 1,800,000 Elves
    • 600,000 Falmari
    • ca. 800,000 Noldor
      • ca. 200,000 Feanorians
      • ca. 200,000 Finarfinians
      • ca. 400,000 Fingolfinians
    • ca. 400,000 Vanyar

after the Exile ca.T.T. 1496:

  • ca. 530,000 Elves
    • less than 270,000 Falmari
    • ca. 75,000 Noldor
    • ca. 190,000 Vanyar

Alqualonde

  • ca.150.000 Falmari

Formenos

Ca.4000 Noldor

Ilmarin and Taniquetil

  • Ca. 200.000 Vanyar and Maiar

Tirion upon Túna

Ca 70.000 Noldor

Valmar

  • ca.200.000 elves
  • ca. 1-2 Million Maiar

Beleriand

F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):

  • ca. 1.3-1.5 million Elves
    • Noldor: ca. 300,000 Noldor
    • Sindar: ca. 950,000 - 1,000,000 Million
  • ca. 150,000 Men
    • ca. 30,000 Beorians
    • ca. 30,000 Halethrim
    • ca. 90,000 Hadorians
  • ca. 1/3 million Dwarves
    • 120,000-160,000 Broadbeams
    • 160,000-220,000 Dwarves Firebeards
  • Ents: ca. 5,000

F.A. ca. 310 - 313:

  • Menca. 33,000
    • Beorians:ca. 6,000
    • Halethrim:ca. 9,000
    • Marachians:ca. 18,000

Doriath

  • Menegroth: F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband): 100,000 Sindar & Guest Elves
  • Total: F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband): 450,000 Sindar & Guest Elves

Brethil

  • Men F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):ca. 25,000 Halethrim
    • Military: ca. 2,500 Halethrim (core)

Dorthonion

  • Men F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):ca. 25,000 Beorians
    • Military: ca. 2,500 (core)

Gondolin

  • FA 510: ca.120.000 Gondolindrim
    • 50,000 Noldor
    • 70,000 Sindar
    • Military:10,000 (core) + 5.000 (reserves)

Ered Luin

Belegost

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):120,000-160,000 Dwarves

Nogrod

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):160,000-220,000 Dwarves

Estolad

  • Mixed men:ca.20.000
  • Sindar:ca 5000

Falas & the Havens

  • Brithombar F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):30,000 Falathrim
  • Eglarest F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):30,000 Falathrim
  • Total F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):70,000 Falathrim

Feanorian Marches

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):130,000 Elves
    • 75,000 Noldor
    • 60,000 Sindae

Hithlum

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):150-170,000 Elves
    • 100,000 Noldor
    • 50,000-70,000 Sindar
  • F.A. ca. 455 (after Dagor Bragollach):
    • ca. 90,000 Easterlings and Hadorians

Dor Lómin

  • Men ca. F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband): 75,000 Hadorians
    • Military: ca. 7,500 Hadorians (core)

Lindon or Ossiriand

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):70,000 Laiquendi
  • TA 3000: 60,000 Sindar and Noldor (plus remnants of the Laiquendi and Eolrim)
    • Military: 6,000

Realm of Nargothrond

Nargothrond (proper)

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):ca. 200,000 Elves
    • 75,000 Noldor
    • 120-150 Sindar

Dor-Daedeloth

Angband

  • ca. 1-7 Millions Orcs, Trolls, Easterlings, Thrall-Elves

Eriador

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):ca. 65,000 Nandor

Angmar

  • TA 250:
  • TA 1400: 598,600 orcs and Hillmen
  • TA 1640: 290,500 ""
  • TA 1975: 386,400 ""
  • TA 3000: 19,600 ""

Arnor

Arthedain

  • TA 250:
  • TA 1400: 2,013,400 (Eriadorians, Dunedain, Hobbits, Elves, Dwarves)
  • TA 1640: 1,695,200 ""
  • TA 1975: 1,200,700 ""
  • TA 3000: 445,460 ""

Breeland

  • TA 3000: 125.000 Bree-men and Hobbits.
    • Military 1.250 militia.

Shire

  • TA 3000: 500,000 Hobbits
    • Military: 5.000 levy

Cardolan

  • TA 250:
  • TA 1400: 2,437,800 (Eriadorians, Dunedain, Hobbits, Dwarves, Orcs)
  • TA 1640: 846,700 ""
  • TA 1975: 437,200 ""
  • TA 3000: 118,500 ""

Rhudaur

  • TA 250:
  • TA 1400: 348,000 (Eriadorians, Dúnedain, Hobbits, Elves, Dwarves, Orcs)
  • TA 1640: 217,800 ""
  • TA 1975: 149,400 ""
  • TA 3000: 50,500 ""

Imladris

  • TA 3000: 120-2300 Elves

Enedhwaith

  • TA 250:
  • TA 1400: 448,700 (Eriadorians, Drughu, Orcs, Dwarves, Hobbits)
  • TA 1640: 290,500 ""
  • TA 1975: 386,400 ""
  • TA 3000: 155,400 ""

Dunland

  • TA 3000: 500,000 (Dunlendings)
    • Military: 5,000 (core)

Eregion

  • 2nd Age - ca. 230.000 (Elves, Dwarves)

Moria

  • ca. Mid second Age : ca. 200.000 Dwarves
  • ca. TA 3019 : ca 8000 Orcs

Forodwaith

Forochel

800.000 Men, Elves, Orcs , Dwarves, Halflings

Northern Heath

  • ca. TA 3019 - ca. 500.000 Men and Orcs

Gondor

Population:

  • TA 1000 (peak of it's power): 30,000,000
    • Military: 300,000
  • TA 1400 (before the Kin-strife): 10.000.000
    • Military: 100,000
  • TA 1650 (after the Great Plague): 3.000.000
    • Military: 30,000
  • TA 3019 (War of the Ring): 3,000,000-4,500,000
    • Military: 30,000

Calenardhon and Rohan

Rohan

  • 3019 (War of the Ring):1.000.000 Rohirrim and Healfblodas
    • Military:10.000 (Houseguard, Éohére, Yeomen & Levy)

Harad

Harondor

  • ca 3019: ca.900.000 (Southrons and Orcs)

Near Harad

  • ca. TA 3019: ca.3.000.000 Southrons and Orcs

Khand

  • ca.TA 3019:CA.1.500.000 Khandians and Orcs

Umbar

  • ca.TA 3019:ca.1.5000.000 Umbareans

Far Harad

  • ca.TA 3019: ca.2.000.000 Haradrim and Orcs

Utter South

  • Ca.TA 3019: ca.10.000.000 Black men

Rhovanion

  • F.A. ca. 60 - 455 (Siege of Angband):ca. 65,000 Nandor
  • TA 0600: 2.691.700
  • TA 1400: 3.362.700
  • TA 1640: 1.430.600
  • TA 1940: 3.667.500
  • TA 2500: 4.158.600
  • TA 2600: 3.719.500
  • TA 2700: 3.637.700
  • TA 2950: 2.767.100
  • TA 2946: 2.819.900
  • TA 3015: 3.163.200

Northern Anduin Vales

  • ca.TA 3019 - ca. 700.000 Northmen (Woodmen, Beornings, Mountainmen,)

Eotheod

  • ca. TA 2485 - ca. 200.000 Eotheod

East Angmar

  • ca.TA 1640:ca 9.500, angmarian Northmen and Mountainmen
  • ca.TA 3019:ca.130.000 Orcs, Northmen, Hillmen, Mountainmen

Barding Realm

Ca. TA 3019:ca.50.000 Northmen and Dwarves

Goblin Gate

  • Ca. TA 3019 - ca. 7000 Orcs

Gundabad

  • ca.3019 -ca 8.000 Orcs

Lothlórien

  • TA ca 3019 - ca 2200 Elves

Realm of the Necromancer

  • Ca.TA 1640:
  • CA.TA 3019:ca. 120.000 Easterlings and Northmen, ca.60.000 Orcs

Realm of Vidugavia

  • ca.TA 12.48 -ca.160.000 Northmen and Easterlings

Woodland Realm

  • ca.TA 3019 - ca.13.000 Elves and Orcs

Rhûn

Dorwinion

  • Ca. TA 3019 - ca. 300.000 men

Farthest East

Late third age:

  • ca. 25 millions, Easterlings, Orcs, Dwarves, Elves

Neldoreth

  • ca. TA 3019 - 8000 Elves

Palisor

  • First Age before the Battle of Palisor:500,000 Avari
    • 250,000 Nelyarin Avari
    • 250,000 Tatyarin Avari
  • ca. TA 3019 - ca. 2.000.000 Easterlings, Dwarves and Orcs

Rhûnaer

  • ca. TA 3019 - ca.1.600.000 Easterlings, Orcs and Dwarves


Other

Númenor

  • S.A. ca. 50: ca. 30,000
  • S.A. ca. 600: ca,130,000
  • S.A. ca. 850: ca. 250,000
  • S.A. ca. 1700: ca. 3 million
  • S.A. ca. 2100: ca. 7 million
  • S.A. ca. 2500: ca. 10 million
  • S.A. ca. 3000: ca. 15 million
  • S.A. ca. 3300: ca.18 million

Year of the Downfall:

  • Númenór proper:12 million
  • King's Men (Black Númenóreans) in the South:4 million
  • Faithful (Elendili) in the Westlands: 2 million

Notes

There are hardly any accounts on the demography of Middle-Earth, however there have been various attempts to reconstruct demographies of the Realms of Middle-earth on behalf of the given numbers of the mentioned War-hosts.However it is not fully clear how much of the percentage of the entire populace was suitable for going to war or how many of the able warriors actually went to the fields of battle. Educated guessing often came to the conclusion that roughly 10%-17% of all the populace may have been in age and condition to go to war, however historical hosts often only consisted of 1% of the entire population.There are contradicting opinions of how many percent of the general population were in arms or actually took part in the battles.While Stephen Wigmore seems to assume about 10 % for Men, 20 % Dwarves and about 12-15 % for Elves Thomas Morwinsky suggests only one of a hundred, leading to a far smaller number of men at arms in general and far higher general population based on estimated army numbers.One point in which this account departs from Stephen Wigmores calculations are the population stats of Aman , which i based on my own calculations based on the original number of Elves having awakened at Cuivienen and 21 elf-generations having past by the time of the kin-slaying. I propose 1,8 million Elves living in Aman at the time, though their numbers easily could have been 2 millions as well.In my other caculations , notably for Beleriand, I came pretty close to the numbers supposed by Mister Wigmore and chose to use his suggested numbers.In the demographic assumptions for Rhovanion and Rhunaer i could not comprehend T.Morwinskys calculations and chose to largely not follow them, however i chose to follow his calculations for Eriador and Númenor, which seemed well founded.


Comparative medieval population in Europe is estimated to have ranged between 20 (thinly settled Russia) and 120 (densely settled france) people per mi².The population of england between the early and high middle-ages is usually estimated to have fluctuated between 2 and 4 million people.

References

  • Thomas Morwinski: Population and Urbanization in Eriador (in Other Minds #13)
  • Thomas Morwinski: Demographics of Rhovanion in the Third Age (in Other Minds #14)
  • Stephen Wigmore: Populations of Middle Earth in the First Age - Part 1: The Elves [1]
  • Stephen Wigmore: Populations of Middle Earth in the First Age - Part 2: Men, Dwarves, Ents & Orcs : The Elves [2]
  • Stephen Wigmore: Populations of Middle Earth - The Isle of Numenor (through the 2nd Age) [http://www.stephenwigmore.com/2016/09/the-population-of-numenor-through-2nd.html
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