The Bairgathiuda (Rh."Hill-People") were the descendants of eriadorian and gondorian Settlers and Northron Mercenaries who had originally been stationed along the eastern border of gondor´s province of Dór-Rhûnen and had later retreated to the highlands of the Eastern Hills after Rhûn had been overrun by the Easterlings.

Boromir: "Is it not a strange fate that we should suffer so much fear and doubt for so small a thing? So small a thing!"
- J. R. R. Tolkien, The Fellowship of the Ring II:10
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