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North downs.jpg
North Downs in Eriador, by Matěj Čadil, on Wikimedia Commons
Map of Arthedain
Other names N/A
Type Realm (Kingdom)
Location Eriador
Realm Arnor
Capital Fornost Erain
Founded Third Age 861
Ruler Kings of Arthedain
Summary Senior of the three divisions of Arnor
Inhabitants Dúnedain of the North, Arthedain (people), Eriadorians
Language(s) Sindarin; Westron
Lifespan destroyed T.A. 1974

The senior kingdom of the three formed after the division of Arnor in T.A. 861. Technically, since T.A. 1349, its Kings had claimed to be the rulers of Arnor reunited. In T.A. 1643, the Cardolandren principalities of Girithlin Highlands and Tyrn Gorthad supported that claim, but their administrations remained separate from those of Arthedain (S. "Realm [of the] Edain"). Consequently, the kingdom was bounded in this fashion: on the east, the Weather Hills and the farthest line of the North Downs; on the north, the Rammas Formen and the Talath Muil; on the west, the middle stretch of the River Lhûn and, south of that, the Tower Hills and the foothills of the Southern Blue Mountains; on the south, the Baranduin from its mouth at the sea up to the Bridge of Stonebows on the Great East Road, and thence following along the Road to the Base of Weathertop. The Arthedain claimed Númeriador, the rough land between the Lhûn and the northern Blue Mountains, but they did little to enforce it. An ancient protectorate over the Northern Wastes as far as the Bay of Forochel was also little-enforced.

The symbol of Arthedain was a circle of seven stars, some variation of which was part of the colors of virtually all the soldiers serving in the kingdom. Royal troops wore black armor with a black or green surcoat.

The Realm in TA 1640-1650

The Realm of Arthedain

Heraldry of Arthedain

Arthedain in T.A. 1640-1650:

  • Political Organization: Independent kingdom since T.A. 861; Arthedain claims all former lands of Arnor.
  • Rulers: Argeleb II, King of Arthedain; Marlas en Tarmeär, Captain of the Rangers of the North.
  • Administrative Organization: Absolute Monarchy with feudal elements. The legislative, executive, and judicial power of the government is centered, after Dûnedan fashion, in the person of the King. Administrative positions appointed by the King, and held by hereditary officers and nobility until specified by the monarch; land owned in total by the King, but leased to local nobles and divided into 63 noble and 24 royal fiefs; smallholders rent land from the nobility, or from the King in exchange for service.
  • Population: 1.695.200 Arthedain (not including the Shire and Bree-land).
  • Military: 170.000 men-at-arms.
  • Products: Wool, grain, silver, copper, books.
  • Symbol: Black field displaying Seven Stars.

Arthedain was the last remaining stable political unit of the former kingdom of Arnor. The heirs of Isildur Elendilion waged a desperate struggle for survival against the might of the empire of the Witch-king. The strength of the Dúnedain waned daily, and the High Men of Fornost were but a pale reflection of their ancestors, the noble Men of Númenor. Within the gradually shrinking borders, an atmosphere of despair had covered the land. The nobility had grown greedy and reclusive, hoarding their wealth and fortifying their estates. The more powerful families grumbled under the yoke of royal authority, straining to gain more autonomy for themselves. The King scrambled to hold Arthedain together, all the while keeping an eye on the border for signs of an invasion from Angmar or Rhudaur. His power was checked by his Council, a body of advisors made up of members of the most influential noble houses in the land. The King appointed ministers to manage the affairs of the Crown, but Argeleb I of Arthedain found it necessary to take an active role in government to keep the various noble factions in check.
The population of Arthedain consisted primarily of Men of nearly pure Dúnadan heritage. Even the folk who toiled the land could lay claim to a good portion of Númenórean blood in their veins. Arthedain remained the heartland of the Faithful of Númenor, perhaps the last land among Men where the Valar were revered in the Elvish manner. The royal family maintained close ties with Elrond Half-elven and the House of Imladris, hopeful that one day Elf and Man may live again in a world free of the Shadow.

Arthedain was primarily an agricultural land. The King acted as the supreme authority in legislative and judicial matters, but the nobility carried much of the responsibility for daily administration. Tenant farmers supplied their landlords with their surplus goods, which were then brought to regional markets to exchange for luxury items. Wool and grain were the principal agricultural products, much of which flowed to Cardolan, where the turmoil wrought by the Great Plague had not yet abated. Miners drew silver and copper from the rugged uplands of Arthedain, and friendly relations with the Dwarves of the Ered Luin allowed other ores to flow into the country as well. Fornost was well known for its excellent smithies and for its fine leather goods and parchment.

King Argeleb II commissioned regular caravans to the Ered Luin and Cardolan, and less frequently to Moria, Lindon, and the Shire. The nobility and a small number of free traders were less scrupulous in their dealings, trading with Rhudaur and some of the less savory elements in Cardolan. On the whole, trade had not yet recovered from the disruption of the Plague. Bandits stalked the roads with only occasional interference from the Crown, and contact with Gondor became ever rarer. Fornost, once a renowned city of learning, was now home to a mere few dedicated, but aged, scholars. These wise folk helped to preserve the spirit of the Edain, keeping their gaze to the stars in what appears to be the blackest of all times. In other lands, the people of Arthedain were commonly characterized as morose and introspective. Years of conflict with Angmar had frozen the spirits of nearly all of the citizens of the last bastion of the Dúnedain of the North. The troops garrisoned in the border fortresses and the Rangers, crack troops of the King skilled in wood lore, fought a constant battle to provide security to those within the borders.

The Realm in TA 3018-3019

The lost realm in T.A. 3018-3019:

Of the former lands of Arthedain, only The Shire and Bree-land maintain any level of cohesive civilization or polity. Elsewhere only widely scattered, small, mostly independent communities exist.

Regions and Bodies of Water

Arthedain - Fiefs

Ancient Causeway Angmarean March Annúdhuin Arthadan Highlands Badlands Bannâtha Barandalf Baranduin Bed Glovers Belethyar Bend Glowers Blue March the Bounds Brandy Hills Brandywine Settlements Breriondor Brethyar Cardolandren March Celephyar Chalk Prairies Country of Marsh and Bogs Dyr Eldanaryon Dyr Maeneson Dyr Úvadan Egenyar Eketta Lands Elsiril Elven March Emerie Lands Emeth Gelin Emyn Beraid Emyn Uial Esgarnen Evendim Lake Fairborne Wood Far Downs Felemgil Felldale Formenaire Forncirbann Fornthor Vale Foro Lands Forochel Foxrun Vale Galattar Gap Gondpinnath Green Hill Land Havirmarshes Headstone Island Highmoor Hîmaran Himsiril Hlothran Hobwood Holts of Barrluin Hyarr Lands Hyarrómenyar King's Bay King's Lands Lake Moors Len Caraug Lhûn Lone Lands Lostriand Luneland Marwen Estates Marwen Lands Medon Downs Mendriyar Merlewood Midgewater Marshes Milkfall Edge Mistyde Nan-i-Naugrim Nan Turnath Neffwin Wood Nengaran Nengaran Bogs Nenuial Nin Erain Noirin Lands Norland's Glower North Downs Northern March Númeriador Oakwood-Realm Oiolad Oiomiril Orro Lands Oronyar Orromenyar Ostahir Overbourne Marshes Parth Aduial Perinluoss Pinnath Nimren Plain of the final Battle Ramluin Rammas Aran Rammas Formen Rammas Sûl Ranganza Redlands Rendings Rhúncirbann Rilurâph Roxhythe Royal Fold Ruaival Island Ruthran Rynd-en-Egladil Sarn Cantons Shading Lake the Shire Shrouded Hills Silvan Country Silvan Glade-Land Sîrgala Sîremyn-galaddor South Downs of the Shire Southern March Stepping Fells Swarbrick Talath Muil Tarmaladen Tarmear Lands Taur Druinad Taur Faemar Taur Sîremyn Thornley Tinnudir Tol Lammenfirith Troth of Perilussi Twynam Tyl Annûn Tyl Ruinen Tyrn Fornech Uialduin Vale of Senthur Wastes of Eriador Weather Hills Calembar White Downs Widdup Woodruff Wychwood

Settlements and Places of Interest

Settlements of Arthedain

T.A. 1640-1650: Aleford Allimir Amon Darath Amon Sul Amon Vîrdath Andrin Anglor Annúminas Anristanan Aradhras Arading Aristanan Archet Aspar Athilin Athrad Sarn Axbridge Axley Hall Bankling Bar Edhelas Bar-i-Dagorath Bar-i-Donyonach Bar Irlossiel Barad Emer Barad Garan Barad Narn Barad Perilussi Barad Thoron Bareketta Barnencar Barrow (Shire) Bauruin Beacon Summit Beeching Cross Bencroft Bereg's Watch Bindbale Meadows Blackwood Hill Bodroth Bolder Cross Bondor Brasshold Bree Briary Brocken Burh Sachem Burh Sakions Calembar Caras Celairnen Caras Fornen Cerin Balgrist Chadwick Chesham Chopley Cithrenor Clammy Clearwater Wells Cloudbreak Cobble Glen Combe Commonwell Coning Grove Cor Wilishar Corréna Crannock's Tower Crick Culwic Deepwell Delving Bank Delving Cleeve Delving Gap Dol Barad Dol Belassith Dol Caras Dol Gormaen Dol Noirin Dol Occum Dolwich Dondowath Dongorath's Hold Dunkley Dwaling Bank Edhelas Eldanar Keep Elostirion Endrist Enerond Eredimar Erenir Eruimar Faelond Faemar village Fahamgathol Fanduin Faranel Feaneldor's beech Fincham Firaen Flynettle Fordhall Formenaire Fornobel Fornost Erain Foronarth Foros Forwic Freemain Gaenderch Galabas Galanen Galottar Ganderch Gamuthill Garth Helegof Gildor's Halls Gistfell Glaning Cort Glen-Ilwine Gorfarg's Cave Greenshin's Farm Greenthicket Gresham Grimshaw Grimsly Dale Gumwich Harpham Heathwath Farm Heleb Hellion Himsiril Keep Hinton Hirta Huolond Iach Sarn Iant Baranduin Iant Methed Kalbucar Kâsak-gurz Hold Kingscrag Lakehead Larad Lelmoth Llyn Llw Lóme Lond Artharan Lostaelin Maegroth Maenthiros Malborn high Marish-Town Mathlor Merenost Mich Hollow Michinael Mikilahul Milome-i-Tarma Minas Galannas Minas Hyarromenyaron Minas Malloth Minas Ongoth Mindil Eldanayion Mintling Copse Mirion Moresby Nangelim Nelval Nelvorin Nencar Keep Nielros Nienel Ningiras Nirmolian Nirthiach Noirins Castle Norby Nothros Oaklane Oakley Occum Oiomiril Orchelor Oromruin Ost Gelon Ost-in-Ly Otley Parth Ainatir Perriwott Ruins Perth-en-Lhun Peaceful Tower Pendle Perinluoss Periwott Hill Perth-en-Lhûn Pickwell Pinnath Siran Putnam Raimaran Rendwalk Rildolach Rindilas Rivernayve Rond Hyarr Rond Morvin Round Rock Ruaduin Ruaival Village Ruskea Vene Sarn Castle Sarik Scotesfarm Seroneldeon Tarma Silent Castle Snowden South Cove Southlinch Springdale Springwhite Camp Staddle Stonebows village Stonehill Sunglaen Swansong Nape Swanlynn Tarkilmar Tarmabar Terellisce Fermenyaron Thanga Tharchel Tharnuin Thoronbar Three-fools' Stone Tol Lammenfirith Túkburh Turnen Tying Field Valandil's Glade Vale of Coiraliar Watchtower Wendigway White Towers Whitwell Wibbleham Wildbriar Farm Willow Bottom Wood's Edge Wood Junction Woodhall Yare's sanctum Zaulug

T.A. 3018-3019: Amlaith's Scar Amon Forn Archet Bagleighton Bar Baranorn Bindbale Bolger Yard Booksword Bree Breredon Brigid's Cottage Brockenborings Budgeford Bywater Caring Green Carras Clammy Clearwater Wells Cloudbreak Watch Colwhich Combe Concealed Orc-camp Corry Cotting Grove Cottonbottom Crissingham Dead man's Dike Deephallow Delving Digby Dolwich Dwaling Elostirion Esteldin Exposed Ridge Foxrun Frogmorton Gamwich Glen Greenfields Greenholm Grindwall Hamwich Hardbottle Harcot Haysend Hiraval’s manor Hirholt Hobbiton Hostel of the Sisters of Nienna Huolond Ladyford Little Delving Longbottom Lunelaith Manor Ruins Michel Delving Needlehole Nobottle Norby Northwatch Northway Oakleaf Oatbarton Outlying Homestead Overhill Pincup Pitkäranen Quarry Red Hundred Rondmore Rood Rushy Sackville Sarn Ford Scary Senthar Sheltered Valley Springdale Staddle Standelf Starfield Stock Tighfield Tookbank Trestlebridge Tuckburrow Ward of Annúminas Warg Den Waterbury Waymoot Weather Hill Watch Weathered Hilltop White Towers Whitfurrows William Peake's farm Willowbottom Winterhall Woodhall







Hobbits of the Shire and Bree-land:


Elves of Númeriador, Siragale, the Emyn Beraid, and Nenuial:




Ainur: Faeneldor Faetíriel di Golu Fercha Gulavhar Gulper Linuile Mock the Trickster Morfána Muddling Annis Naruhel

Dwarves: Begli Tis Tormin Grenge Welsi

Elves: Annunlor Calenlinn Elindiel Gildor Inglorion Gwendir Halatir Îrlossiel Malestir the Quiet Merethorn Nimien Niniel Nôllien Silivnir II Sularin Sulor

Giants: Svalfang

Hobbits: Babbin Quillfoyle Blanco Fallowhide Boddin Todmingle Boffo North-took Boffo Took Camilla Sackville Catinflas Took Cleff Bolger Coldomac Tunnelly Dahlia North-Took Dharlon Took Dromibar Pendle Fencon Bellager Goodwife Margott Grammy Yale Gresham Shaper Hal Sandheaver Holly Sandheaver Isumelia North-took Kocho Kurl Lolly Snipe Mag Durkin Marcho Peobald Hornblower Permagin Pendle Pete Applely Primrose Sandheaver Rose Sandheaver Samwise Axeward Seredic Brandybuck Sigismond the Good Tuggle Cooper Tully Hawkswell Wag Muncy


Second Age: Baragud Baragûr Bârna I Bârna II Bôrna Belgor Bereg the Refuser Bern Bregor of Eriador Gaurithoth Gothólin Hama of Eriador Imarhîl Silweth Ustokhîr
before 1640 TA: Amlaith of Arthedain Amonar Araphor of Arthedain Argeleb I of Arthedain Argeleb II of Arthedain Arthadan Arveleg of Arthedain Beleg of Arthedain Calendil Glornaur Celebrindor of Arthedain Celepharn of Arthedain Dolruin Drogil of Fornost Durlin of the Water Emerithil the Dark Galborn of the Red Eye Kenrith of Dol Belassith Luthanna Maladan Malborn Mallor of Arthedain Malvegil of Arthedain Silivnir Thadred
1640 TA: Alarien Amalin Amrod Noirinyaron Androhir Aradan o Marwen Ardanis Baranfindel Tarma Bellaniel Uial Beleg of Arthedain Belvor o Calembar Beruthiel of Arthedain Boinand Bondan Borthur the Ragman Brandir Haranholir Bredda Bregol of Caras Celernen Bregolas Culnandor Brethildur the Healer Calach Camrin Eketya Caramir Whitestone Hyarromenyaron Cluad Cristion o Nengaran Dongorath Dorvic Yellowjay Ercar Tarmear Euric Thuigildsun Falastir Feldas Ferenariel Tarmear Fergerin Tarmear Finralin Tarmear Finrod Aelinor Galadan of Arthedain Galadon of Arthedain Galadhil of Arthedain Galahad of Arthedain Galadnil of Arthedain Gathdin Gellain Oakwye Haldacar Tarmear Haldrahir Handir the Riverman Haver Wark Holly Heathertoes Idril of Arthedain Idris of Arthedain Imberin Ninlindle Ingwe Tarmear Lachglin Laifrin Len Broadleaf Lindal of Arthedain Liriel Lisswen Lorgas o Quethfirin Mag Durkin Malestir the Quiet Mallick Mallindor Rhamdir Malvegil of Arthedain Marach Brighthall Marlas en Tarmeär Meneldir Mercaver Minastir of Sarnford Molloye Orodreth Gondlammen Raimaro Ravabor Rechorca Remlis Helmsdottir Renadil Pirasin Rhyvelur Roane Rory Heathertoes Rubormyrax Serindar the Tailor Shebrim Tamir Whitestag Thilréna Tarmear Thiremy TarmearThuidimer Stormroarer Tirwen Tarmear Tregon Tuminir Bearstrike Urvalt Valandil of Arthedain Taracoron Valnaril Vengaree Veryamir Voromir Holdblade
after 1640 TA: Alquawen of Caras Fornen Amonar Araglas Araphant Araval of Arthedain Argeleb II Arvedui of Arthedain Arvegil of Arthedain Arveleg II Luthanna Malbeth the Seer Thadred
3018 TA: Aldan Amdir Ann Lilypool Arador Aragorn II Arathorn Arteveld Holman Barlyman Butterbur Belechul Beretar Badlands Beul Bolog Cairmach the Dunman Elboron Elladan Elotiel Ekettyar Elrohir Encalion II Eradan Feanan Redwing Gara Stigmuld Graeme Tenderlarch Grandon the Riverman Gwendolyn Butterbur Halbarad Haldalam Jûoma Mark Oakwood Meneldir II Muagan Yelloweye Nalorn Navir the smith Nob & Bob Nuag Olmkan Rost Stigmuld Sisebuth Svinder Tossel Theodwine Emnetsun Tim Thistlewood
Fourth Age: Cethwin Curudur o Silanir

Orcs: Lurshas Oomaug Shagrug Strulug

Trolls: Urgregim Wumag

Undead: Eath


Aurochs Badgers Bats Bees Bindbole Weavers Biting Gnats Biting Shrews Black Bears Black Chicken Blackbird Blue-headed Ducks Blue Pigeons Blue Trout Boar Bogbulls Bog-slugs Bog-Toads Broadteeth Burrowing Shrews Buzzing Gnats Cats Cattle Chatmig Chickens Chipmunks Echuiriolath Coneys Cranes Crickets Crop-scourge Crows Crows Cunara Dappled deer Dark Wolves Ducks Dun-colored Hawks Eagles Elven Horses Famadritan Ferret Finches Flies Flitting Bats Fowl Foxes Geese Frogs Glutans Gnats Goats Gophers Gorali Grey Wolves Ground Squirrels Grouses Gulls Harbdo Hare Harvest-flies Hawks Hedgehog Herons Hill-bears Hill-toads Hill Tuskers Hobbit Ponies Hobbit Kine Hobbit Sheep Hornets Horsefleas Hounds Huandraug Aran Huandraug Gelydh Ice Goose Kingfisher Kraken Lark Long-grass Swine Long-tooth Shrews Madratine Marine turtles Marish-slugs Marsh-rats Mice Midges Mink Moss-backs Mosquitos Muck-glutton slithers Mudsuckers Muskrats Neekerbreekers Nethairyn Erdyr Nightingale Númenórean Horses Númenórean Sheep Opossum Otters Owls Pigeons Pigs Pikes Plovers Pond Frogs Ptarmigan Rabbits Raccoons Rats Ravens Red Chicken Red deer Red Foxes Red-headed Duck Ribbon Snakes Rock Viper Roughfish Salmon Seals Sheep Sheep Hound Shire-Packhorses Shiredown Cattle Snow-Eagles Songbirds Sparrows Spotted Lions Split-tail Ducks Squirrels Stinging Gnats Storch Swallows Swans Swine Talking Madratines Thieving Shrews Tree-Weavers Trout Turtles Tuskers Voles War-Dogs War-Wolves Waterfowl Water-whip Weasle Whales White Adder White Chicken White Hart White Stags White-tails White Wolves Wild Goat Wild Sheep Wolf-Hounds Wolves Wood-bears Woodchuck Common Worms Wrens


Alder Heat-heal Henungol Appletrees Lebellas Oroluin Arlandal Armanúmas Orrain Asp Athelas Calenhwan Awakened trees Barley Barnaie Beans Beech Birch Blackthorn Box-tree Bushbells Cabbages Cotton Crabgrass Spearleaf Dúran Dwarfwort Eater ’s Leaf Elbin's Basket Elendil's Spear Elms Elvish Hawthorn Fern Firs Flax Foxglove Gallows-weed Goatleaf Gooseberries Gorse Grain Greymoss Hawkweed Hazelnut Heather Hemp Holly Honeysuckles Hops Ivy Plant-queen Larch Lâtha Lilies Longgrass Mandrake Malt Marestail Milkweed Milkflower Miretar's Crown Mosses Mugwort Nelthandon Nightshade Númëlossë Oak Oranges Parsnips Peartree Peas Pickthorn Pines Pipeweed Plums Poplar Red Oak Red Thistle Redroots Redweed Reeds Rosewood Rye Shadetree Shimmer Sprig Silvertrees Thindolluin Sweetgrass Tangleroot Tartella Taters Teldalion Lemsanc Thistle Finhereg Turnips Vegetables Waygrass Welwál Wheat Whitethorn Willow Wine Witch-Hazel Yarwood


  • MERP: Arnor
  • MERP: Bree and the Barrow Downs
  • MERP: Middle-earth Adventure Guidebook II
  • MERP: Northwestern Middle-earth Campaign Atlas
  • MERP: Rangers of the North
  • MERP: Rogues of the Borderlands
  • MERP: The Legend of Weathertop
  • MERP: The Shire
  • MERP: Weathertop Tower of the Wind
  • wiki (archived, latest available)