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Animals were creatures of Arda. The Eldar named them "kelvar" or "lifeforms that move", in contrast to the "olvar" or "lifeforms that do not move" (such as plants and fungi). The Eldarin lore-masters had categorised the kelvar into a number of orders including ramacelvar (bats and birds), eärcelvar (water beasts), potili (insects and spiders), rávatsar (amphibians and reptiles), lausimatwar (Q."vegetarians"), oromeriannar (riding and draft animals) and lama raustear (Q."predators"), and each order was again divided into various sub-orders; and the later lore-masters, such as the learned Númenóreans and their students, adapted and modified the High-Eldarin "tengwesta" (Q."system"). The unnatural abominations of Morgoth, the Ulundur, usually were not incorporated into this tengwesta (though the lore-masters sometimes had contentious debates as to if a beast was a natural creature or rather an abomination).

See also

Rávasse

Main article: Rávasse

Amphibians and reptiles

Amphibian

Main article: Amphibian
  • Amphibian: (Q. "Yulunefíter")
    • Toads and frogs ("Quaker" and "Kabori")
    • Salamanders (L)

Reptile

Main article: Reptile

Rámacelvar (Q."Winged Animals")

Main article: Winged Animals

Bats ("Qildarer")

  • Bats or Cwildred
    • Fruit Bats or Flying foxes
      • Mongbats
    • Small Bats (L)
      • Barrow-bats (L)
      • Birdmice
      • Brown long-eared bat
      • Cave-Bats (L)
      • Fire Bats
      • Flitting Bats
      • Greater horseshoe bat
      • Grey Bats
      • Jegga bats
      • Lesser horseshoe bat
      • lesser short-tailed bat
      • Mountain Bats
      • Ondokamba Bats
      • Pond Bats
      • Rark Bats
      • rearmouse
      • Ruins-Bats
      • Shrill-Bats
      • tree-bats
      • vault shrikes or nalaew Rond
      • Winged Shriekers
    • Large Bats
      • Bloodfangs
      • Bloodwings
      • cavern wings or Ramman Agar
      • chill-winds
      • Dark-Claws
      • Fallenfangs
      • Fellwings
      • gloom-wings
      • Greater mouse-eared bat
      • Grey long-eared bat
      • hunting bats (L)
      • Flying foxes
      • Serganca
      • shadow-wings or Shadowbats
      • Stormwings
    • great bats (L)

Birds (Q."Wilini")

  • Birds
    • Aiwer or small Birds
    • cuckoos (L)
      • Mirkwood Cuckoos
      • Roadrunners
    • cranes (L)
      • rails (L)
    • Divers or Loon (L)
    • goat-suckers (L)
      • Cavebirds (L)
      • Frogmouths
      • Nightjars (L)
    • halatir or heledirn (kingfishers) (L)
      • Blue Fishers (L)
      • Darkland laughing Birds
      • redheaded fisher
      • Snowbirds (L)
    • Parrots
      • Iu-Tori
    • pigeons or Doves (Q."Cuar") (L)
      • blue pigeons
      • Carrier Pigeons
      • rock-doves (L)
    • Pinnucs, filiki and Liri (sparrows or Finches) (L)
      • Songbirds (Q."Lindor")
        • buntings (L)
          • Ambalër or Yellowhammers (L)
          • Asmalinder (L)
        • Rohan Cardinals
        • crows and ravens (Q."Corcor") (L)
          • Blood Ravens
          • Carrion Crows (L)
          • Great Crows (L)
          • Cruel-beaks or Great Carrion rows
          • Dark-wings
          • Dun crows
          • Forest Ravens
          • Frost Ravens
          • green-winged crows
          • Grosbeaks
          • Iron-beaks
          • Jays (L)
          • Sharp-eyes
            • Blue Jay
          • Mirkwood crows
          • mistravens
          • Mottled Ravens
          • Mountain Ravens (L)
          • ravens of the north (L)
          • Rooks (L)
          • Southern Crows
          • Stormcrows (L)
          • Storm Ravens
          • Thorn-talons
        • Dippers (L)
        • Dúlinn Tuilindor or Swallows (L)
          • Barn Swallows
        • Finches (L)
          • Chaffinch (L)
        • Elven Birds of Tol Eressea
        • Flycatchers (L)
          • Chats (L)
          • merilin, lómelindë or tindómerel (tinuviel, Nightingale) (L)
          • Robins ("crinthammos") (L)
            • scarlet robin
        • Gacalac
        • Larks (Q."Lirulini") (L)
        • Nuthatches (L)
        • shrikes (L)
        • Starlings (L)
          • Wuflila or Desert-Starlings
        • Sparrows
          • House Sparrow
        • thrushes (L)
          • Blackbirds (L)
          • Bluebirds (L)
          • Song Thrushes
        • Tits or Chickadee (L)
          • Blue Tits
          • Great Tits (L)
          • Marsh-Tits
          • Willow Tits (L)
        • Wattle-eyes
          • Gold-speckled brown Birds (L)
        • wrens or Kinglets (L)
          • kirinki (L)
          • Willow-Wren (L)
          • winter-wrens
      • Warblers (L)
    • birds of prey
      • eagles (Q."Sornor") (L)
      • falcons (L)
      • Fioni or Haror (hawks) (L)
        • Black Hawks of the Morannon
        • Black marsh-hawk
        • Broad-winged Hawk
        • crag-hawks
        • Dun-coloured Hawk
        • echo-hawks
        • Goshawks
        • Grass-hawks
        • Great Wood-Hawks or O-Taka
        • Hellhawks (L)
        • Mallorn Hawks
        • Nighthawks (L)
        • North Hawks
        • Red-footed Hawks
        • Sea-Hawks
        • Small Hawks
        • harriers (L)
          • Chill-Harriers
          • Marsh-Harriers
          • Screaming Harriers
        • hendroval
        • Mallorn hawks
        • north-hawks
        • Roughleg Hawk
        • Sparrow-Hawks or Speriang
        • Uster Hawks
      • buzzards
      • owls (L)
        • barn-owls (L)
        • barrow Owls
        • Brownowls (L)
        • Great Owls (L)
        • Long-eared Owls (L)
        • Owls of Mandos (L)
        • screech-owls (L)
        • Spirit-Owls (L)
        • short-eared owls
        • Tawny owls
        • White Owls
      • Red Kite (L)
      • vultures (L)
        • Black Vultures
          • Vultures of the Ered Lithui
        • Condors
        • Griffon vultures
        • Hopta or Carrion-Bird
        • long-billed vultures
          • Slender-billed vultures
        • Vultures of Harad
          • Andesalke Vultures
          • Cape vultures
          • Lappet-faced vultures
          • white-backed vultures
          • White-headed vultures
        • Red-headed vultures
        • Wind Mountain vultures
        • Vulture-Roc
        • White-rumped vultures
    • fowl (Q."Poroki") (L)
      • Landfowl
      • Núsberain
        • Oliphaunt-Birds
        • Ostriches
          • Horinn
        • Roc
      • pheasants (L)
      • Waterfowl (L)
        • ducks (Q."Quár") (L)
          • Blue-headed Ducks
          • Eider Ducks (L)
          • Green-headed Duck
          • red-headed ducks
          • red-legged pochards
          • Splittailed Ducks
          • Swamp-Ducks
        • Geese (Q."Váni") (L)
        • Grebes
        • Little Grebe
        • screamers (L)
        • swans (Q."Alquar") (L)
          • Black swans
          • great swans (L)
          • jatewoones
          • Lordly Swans (L)
          • Mute Swan
          • Night-Swans
          • Pied Swans or Eilph Tithin
          • Royal swans (L)
          • Swans of Gorbelgod (L)
          • White Swans (L)
    • Seabirds (L)
      • Mŷl, maew or maiwër (Gulls) (L)
        • Black Wing Gulls
        • great seagulls (L)
        • Icegulls
        • White Gulls (L)
        • Páne or Cuen (Petrels, small Gulls) (L)
          • albatrosses (L)
          • Seamews (L)
          • Stormbirds (L)
          • Storm-Mews (L)
          • Storm Petrels (L)
      • Waders or Shorebirds (L)
        • Plovers (L)
        • Sandpipers (L)
          • Curlew
        • Stilt (L)
        • Snipe (L)
    • storks (L)
    • Tambaror (Woodpeckers)
      • Red-headed Woodpeckers
    • Water-Birds
      • Auks
        • Great Auk
        • Guillemots (L)
        • Puffins (L)
      • Booby
        • Brown Booby
      • Cormorants (L)
      • Gannets
      • Pelicans
        • Herons (L)
        • Ibis
    • Swifts ("Lindwil") (L)
      • Dwarf Hummingbirds (L)
      • Chamber-Birds
      • Hummingbirds of Númeriador

Potili (Q."Manyfooted")

Insects (Q."Pir")

  • Wingless Insects
    • Bedbugs
    • Fleas (L)
      • Ayniic Flea
      • Sand Fleas
    • Lice ("Gwevin") (L)
      • Fist-aphids
    • stick insects
  • winged insects
    • Ants (L)
      • Ant-Marouk
      • Black carpenter ants
      • Black garden ant
      • Gorgoroth Ants
      • Great Warrior Ants
      • Hulmiis Ant
      • Mantis-Ants
      • Red Ants or Fire Ants
    • Bees (Q."Nieri") (L)
    • Dragonflies or Sithagongs (L)
      • Dragonflies of Paradise (L)
      • Giant Dragonflies
    • Beetles (L)
      • Firefly
        • Bragolith Fireflies
        • Glooming-fireflies
        • Glow-worms
          • Great Glow-Worms
      • Great Beetles
      • Stag Beetle (L)
        • Green Beetles
        • Hultif
        • Red Beetles
      • Lava-Bugs
      • Long-horned beetles (L)
        • Large Beetles of Sîrayn
      • Milmorinaer
      • Water Beetle or diving Beetle (L)
        • Great Water Beetle
      • Weevils (L)
        • Woodworms (L)
    • Wilwarin ("Butterflies") (L)
      • Great Wilwarin
      • Laurewilwarin
      • Marsh-Butterflies
      • Moths (Fufril) (L)
        • Black Moths (L)
        • Dark Greys (L)
        • emperor gum moth
        • Lantern-Eyed Moths (L)
        • Nightdazzle-Moths
        • Peppered moth
        • stalked eye-Moths
        • Silkworms
          • Oak silkworms
          • Mânsirrima
        • Poisonous Moths
        • White Moths (L)
      • Purple Emperor (L)
        • Black Butterflies of Mirkwood (L)
      • Rilyawilwarin
    • Crickets (L)
      • Bush Crickets
      • Deep-crickets
      • Grodbogs
      • House Cricket
      • Neekerbreekers (L)
      • Norbogs
        • Hoardale Norbogs
        • Marsh Norbogs
        • Sand Norbogs
        • Swamp Norbogs
    • Flies or Sithali (L)
      • Bog-Flies
      • Culaegan
      • horseflies (L)
        • dark giant horsefly
      • Gnats (L)
        • Biting gnats
        • Black Flies
          • stinging black-flies (L)
        • Buzzing gnats
        • Midges (L)
          • Greiman
          • highland midge
        • Mosquitos
          • house mosquito or northern house mosquito
          • Giant Mosquitos
          • Morgreimings
          • tundra mosquitos
        • Rainforest Gnats
        • Stinging gnats
      • Houseflies
      • Morgai flies (L)
      • Sand Flies
      • harvest flies
      • Lake Flies
      • Marshflies
      • Moor-Flies
      • Periwinkle
      • Plague Flies
      • sickle flies
      • Silver Flies (L)
      • Swamp-flies (L)
      • Vale-Flies
      • Willow-Flies
    • grasshoppers (L)
    • Mantis
      • Great Mantis
      • Praying Mantis
    • Wasps

Spiders (Q."Lianter")

Leaf-eaters (Q"Lausimatwar")

Bovids (Q."Rasser")

Giraffes (Q. "Andaxi")

Horses ("Olombor")

Moles (Q."Noldarer")

  • Moles (L)
  • Naked mole-rat or desert mole rat

Pigs (Q."Pólcar")

Rodents ("Venyarror")

  • rodents (L)
    • Beavers (L)
      • Swamp-Beavers
    • claws
      • Blade-Beaks
      • Cave-Claws
        • Black-beak Cave Claws
        • Green back Cave-Claws
        • Green-beak Cave-Claws
        • Pink-beak Cave-Claws
        • Tan-Back Cave Claws
      • Corpse-Claws
      • Dark-Claws
      • Deep-Claws
      • Stone-Claws
    • Hare and rabbits (Q."lapatter") (L)
      • Coneys (L)
        • Atenla
        • Brown Rabbits
        • Desert Rabbits
        • Domesticated Rabbits
          • Pinto Rabbits
        • Dun-Coloured Rabbits
        • Rhosgobel-Rabbits
        • Thicket Coneys
      • Hare (L)
    • Lemmings
    • Leuman dal
    • mice (Q."nyarrincer") (L)
      • Giajia
      • Field Mice (L)
      • Giant Mice of Angband (L)
      • hazel dormouse
      • House Mouse
      • Quaquam
      • Sashavac
      • Snowmice
      • Wood Mouse
      • Tree Mice
      • Voles (L)
        • Water Vole or Water Rat
          • brown water-rats
          • harbour-rats (L)
          • Marsh-Rats
      • shrews
        • biting shrews
        • death shrews or cecren guruth
        • Dusty Shrews
        • Large Shrews
        • Long-tooth shrews
        • Pesky Shrews
        • Plains Shrews
        • Spotted Shrews
    • Porcupines and Hedgehogs
      • Angmarean Porcupines
      • Cavy
        • Jungle Cavy
      • Hedgehogs
    • Prase
    • rats (Q."Nyarror") (L)
      • Barrow-Rats (L)
      • Black rats ship rats, roof rats, house rats
      • brown rats street rats, sewer rats or wharf rats (L)
      • Corpse-Rats
      • cunara
      • field rats
      • Great rats (L)
      • Lautan
      • long-eared rats
      • plague-rats
      • Prairie Rats
      • rat-like creatures
      • Stowaway Rats
      • Tunnel Rats
    • squirrels (L)
      • Flying Squirrels
      • tree squirrels
        • Brown Squirrels
        • grey squirrels
        • Mirkwood Squirrels (L)
        • Grey Squirrels
        • Northern squirrels
        • red squirrels
        • Silvan-Squirrels
        • silver squirrels
        • Storm-Squirrels
        • Striped Squirrels
        • Winter-Squirrels
      • Gophers
        • Ground squirrels
          • Chipmunks
          • Marmots
          • Woodchucks
        • Prairie Dogs

Other

  • Sloth

Meat-eaters (Q. "Maxematwar")

Apes and Monkeys (Q. "Lamni Attalyar")

  • Apes (L)
  • monkeys (L)
    • Baboons
      • Blue Monkeys
      • Red Baboons
      • Ru-Luni-Lapu
      • Throk-Vurd
    • Ciuvu Niavi or Peredrûgwath
    • Lemurs
    • majmun
    • Marmosets
    • Ru-Lani-Lapu

Badgers (Q. "Oryapini")

  • Badgers (L)
    • Black Badgers
    • Brocks or Grey Badgers or Eriador (L)
    • Great Badgers (L)
    • Rock Badgers

Bears (Q."Morcor")

Cat-family (Q."Yauler")

Dog-Family (Q."Harmar")

Marsupials (Q."Pokolamani")

  • Gall Bears
  • Opossums
  • Possums

Weasel Family (Q."Lihlicconi")

Riding and draft animals (Q."oromeriannar")

Camels (Q. "Ulumpër")

  • Camels or Devevi (Q."Ulunti") (L)
    • Boulak
    • Deve Poa
    • Djabah
    • War Camels

Horses (Q."Mairor")

Great Beasts or thick-hided Beasts (Q. "Taryahelmar")

Water-beasts (Q."Eärcelvar")

Aquatic Mammals

  • Cetaceans
    • Baleen Whales (Q."Uini") (L)
      • Blue whales
      • Bowhead whales
      • Grey whales
      • Humpback whales
      • Right whales or Ice whales
    • Toothed whales
  • Pinnipeds
    • Seals (L)
      • Aearochen
      • Great Seals
      • Fur seal (karvainen merikoira)
      • Lihamerikoira
      • Ozora
    • Sealions (L)
    • Walruses
  • Sirenians
    • Manatees
    • Sea pigs" or "Sea camels

Clams and Crustaceans (Q."Vehyalmar")

Fish(Q."Lingwer")

  • Fishes (L)
    • armoured fish
    • bony fish
      • ray-finned fishes
        • Bullheads
          • Brown Bullhead
        • Catfish
          • Carnivorous Fish of Calenardhon
          • Red Jaws
          • Wels
            • Great Wels
          • Surn
        • Cods
          • Zinfar
        • Eels (L)
        • Flatfish
          • Flounder
            • Starry Flounder
          • Wyg
        • Lumpfish
        • Smallfish (Q."Halar") (L)
          • Barbling
          • Herrings (L)
            • Giant oarfish
            • Sardines
              • Pilchard
            • Smelt
        • Loach
          • Carps (L)
            • Barbel
            • Bitterlings
              • Bright Bitterling
            • Dace
            • Darter
              • Bandfin Darter
              • Blackfin Darter
              • Bloodfin Darter
              • Firebelly Darter
              • Greenfin Darter
              • Longfin Darter
              • Orangefin Darter
              • Redfin Darter
            • Goldfish (L)
            • Giant Goldfish
            • Mairenke
            • Rudd
            • white-eyed fish
          • Minnows (Q."Nisi") (L)
          • Mullets
            • Golden Mullet
              • Great Golden Mullet
        • mail-cheeked" fishes
          • scorpionfish
            • Cave Stingers
            • Lionfish
            • Stonefish
          • Zifar
        • Lanternfish (L)
          • Fanged lanternfish
        • Panfish
        • Pickerel
          • Pikes (L)
            • Great Pikes
            • Mossback Pikes
            • Needle-fanged fish
          • Smelt
        • Piranhas
        • Salmon (L)
          • Char
          • Fal Fish
          • king salmon, spring salmon
          • Graylings
            • Gleaming Grayling
          • Great Salmons
          • Houtings
          • Trouts (L)
            • Brown Trout
            • Bull Trout
            • Lake Trout
            • Rainbow Trout
              • Steelhead
            • Red-spotted Trout
            • Redband Trout
            • River Trout
            • Speckled Trout
        • Seahorses (L)
          • lined seahorse , northern seahorse or spotted seahorse
        • Stickleback Fish
        • Sturgeons
          • Dwarf Sturgeon
          • Fringebarbel Sturgeon
          • Green Sturgeon
          • Pallid Sturgeon
          • Shortnose Sturgeon
          • Shovelnose Sturgeon
          • White Sturgeon
    • cartilage-fish
    • Cavefish
      • Blindfish
        • Pale blind Fish
    • Rays
      • electric rays
      • Great Rays
      • Mantas
        • small Mantas
        • large Mantas or Merchaithrais
        • giant oceanic manta ray
      • Sawfish
      • Stingrays
    • Sharks
      • Hammerheads
      • Milkeyes
      • Nímaeargyrth
      • panthersharks
      • Sinister sharks
      • skysharks
      • Smallsharks
        • Gaerhuanoth or Dogfish
      • Whip-tailed shark
    • spiny sharks

Polyps (Q."Windearancor")

  • Polyps
    • Corals
    • Sea anemone

Snails (Q."Lucuhlici")

  • snails (L)
    • Flesh-Slugs
    • Garden Snail
    • Greenslugs or Poison-Slugs
    • Kerry Slugs
    • Large Snails (L)
      • Bog-Slugs
      • field slugs
      • Giant Slugs
      • Marish-Slugs
      • Marsh Slugs
      • River-Slugs
      • Slimy Slugs
    • rock-slugs

Other

  • Crawling Vermin (Multipedes)
    • Ash-crawlers
    • Barrow-crawlers
    • Blindworms
    • Bloodworms
    • Bog-crawlers
    • Cave-crawlers
    • Corpse-crawlers
    • Darkland Crawlers
    • Foulworms (L)
    • Leaf-crawlers
    • Marsh-crawlers
    • Muck-crawlers
    • Plagueworms
    • Poison-Worms
    • Root-crawlers
    • Stone-crawlers
    • Tomb-crawlers
    • Ulcercain
    • leeches (L)
    • Blood-leeches
    • Brimstone-leeches
    • giant leeches
    • marsh leeches
  • Jellyfish (L)
  • Plankton
  • Sea Urchins
  • Worms (L)
    • Cave-Worms
    • Submarine Worms
      • Deep-worms
    • Earthworms
      • Foul-worms (L)
      • Giant Sheep-killing Earth-Worm
      • Iceworms
      • mud-worm (L)
      • Rotworms
      • Wriggling Worms (L)
    • Fen-Worms
  • Glitters
  • Slign
  • slimy things
  • Slirdu
  • Sponges
  • White Wisps
  • world-eaters (L)
  • little worms (anaerobic nematodes)
    • house-ringworm (L)
    • Worms (parasites) (L)

(L) = Creatures mentioned in the Legendarium

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